June Offensive (July 1, 1917–c. M. Kerenski assumes Dictatorship of Russia (see August 6th and November 8th) and issues proclamation declaring General Kornilov a traitor (see 8th and 13th). British Government give further pledge in house of Commons that restitution of Alsace-Lorraine is a War Aim (see February 15th). Contemporaneously known as the Great War or "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. Action of Tikrit (Mesopotamia) (see 6th). Mutiny breaks out in the Russian Black Sea Fleet at Sevastopol (see March 16th, 1917 and May 1st, 1918). All hostilities on the Eastern front suspended (see 2nd). German airship "L.-43" destroyed in the North Sea. Russian Provisional Government refuse a German proposal for an unlimited armistice. The last German forces driven out of German East Africa into Portuguese territory (approximate date) (see November 25th). Red Sox win 1918 World Series. Anglo-French Conference assembles in London to discuss relations of British and French commanders in the Western Theatre and employment of prisoners of war in the fighting zone (see February 26th, 1917 and March 26th, 1918). September 20, 1917 - A revised British strategy begins at Ypres designed to wear down the Germans. Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo begins: Austro-German offensive (see December 26th). British hospital ship "Gloucester Castle" torpedoed between Havre and Southampton, but towed in. M. Lenin and M. Trotski assume power. General Allenby makes formal entry into Jerusalem (see 9th). United States of America sever diplomatic relations with Germany (see April 6th). British Government give pledge in House of Commons that the restitution of Alsace-Lorraine is an object of the war (see November 15th). Greek Government make formal apology to the Allies for the occurrences of December 1st, 1916. Now that I’m living down in North Carolina, not everyone immediately correlates 1918 with that event. Action of Nyangao (German East Africa) ends (see 16th). Costa Rica severs diplomatic relations with Germany (see May 23rd, 1918). Anglo-French Conference assembles in London to discuss the deposition of King Constantine of Greece and the occupation of Athens and Thessaly (continued on 29th) (see June 11th). Severe aeroplane raid on England (Margate and London; casualties 250, mostly civilian: last on London by daylight) (see November 28th, and August 22nd, 1916 and May 19th and July 20th, 1918). The nitrates and other chemicals used in explosives makes excellent fertilizer. Tank Corps formed in British Army (see September 15th, 1916). Various sources have been used to create this timeline but a large proportion have come from a 1987 reprint Dr. S. Cardosa da Paes succeeds Dr. A. May 18, 1917 - The Selective Service Act is passed by the U.S. Congress, authorizing a draft. German destroyers raid British convoy in the North Sea and sink H.M.S. Major-General J. Pershing appointed to command United States Expeditionary Force (see June 8th). The Germans also benefit from good intelligence and aerial reconnaissance and are mostly aware of the French plan. Japanese battle cruiser "Tsukuba" sunk by internal explosion in harbour. Between 9.15pm and 10.45pm a heavy and continuous air raid in which 60 bombs were dropped, six or seven hitting 4 Stationary Hospital (at Arques) and three falling on 58 (Scottish) General Hospital. Conscription Bill carried in Canadian House of Commons (see October 12th). Petain then suspends all French offensives and visits the troops to personally promise an improvement of the whole situation. Battle of Messines, 1917, ends (see 7th and April 10th, 1918). (see 23rd). Allied Offensive in Macedonia to free Monastir begins (see 23rd). First night air raid on London. World War 1, also known … Even the army had to cut the rations for soldiers. Armistice ("Truce of Focsani") signed between Rumania and Central Powers (see 6th, and November 10th, 1918). Craonne (Aisne) retaken by French forces (see September 1st, 1914, April 16th, 1917 and May 27th, 1918). Squadron of 11 German airships attack England. The news is celebrated by the ringing of church bells in England, for the first time since 1914. The attack produces few gains as the Germans effectively bombard and then counter-attack. "Second Offensive Battle" of Verdun begins [French name and dates.] Entente Governments send joint reply to President Wilson's Note. M. Kerenski flees from Petrograd (see 13th). Arrival of French troops in ltaly announced (see 4th). The entire Ypres offensive then grinds to a halt as British Army Commander Douglas Haig ponders his strategy. A large offensive for the Eastern Front is then planned by Alexander Kerensky, the new Minister of War. World War I (or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1) was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Battle of Vimy Ridge and First Battle of the Scarpe end (see 9th). (see December 15th, 1917 and December 18th, 1916). Important events of 1917 during the fourth and penultimate year of the First World War, including the surprise tank attack by the British (pictured above) at the Battle of Cambrai. Top Answer . The attack targets a 6-mile-wide portion of the Front and by the end of the first day appears to be a spectacular success with five miles gained and two Germans divisions wrecked. However, similar to past offensives, the inability to capitalize on initial successes and maintain momentum gives the Germans an opportunity to regroup and further gains are thwarted. With the French Army in disarray the main burden on the Western Front falls squarely upon the British. Allied Offensive in Macedonia ends (see 11th). 1 0. Count Clam-Martinitz, Austrian Premier, resigns (see 23rd and December 21st, 1916). Lenin announces that Soviet Russia will immediately end its involvement in the war and renounces all existing treaties with the Allies. General Allenby succeeds General Sir A. Murray as General Officer Commanding in Egypt (see March 19th, 1916). Second phase of Battle of Marasesti begins (see 1st, and September 3rd). What are the important events that happened on March 15, 1917? United States Government announce arming of all merchant vessels in the war zone (see February 26th). British Government issue Order in Council instituting the Air Council (see November 29th, 1917, and January 3rd, 1918). January 19, 1917 - The British intercept a telegram sent by Alfred Zimmermann in the German Foreign Office to the German embassies in Washington, D.C., and Mexico City. The battle is best known for the charge of the 4th Light Horse Brigade. First meeting of Great Inter-Allied Conference opens in Paris. When was the battle of passchendale fought? March 15, 1917 - The 300-year-old Romanov dynasty in Russia ends upon the abdication of Czar Nicholas II. For other specific sources used in this website see the bibliography: Copyright © www.greatwar.co.uk All rights reserved. Turkish Army retreats from Kut (see 23rd and January 9th). Passchendaele captured by British (Canadian) forces (see October 26th, 1917 and April 16th, 1918). Agreement concluded between British, french and Italian Governments for provision of tonnage for the Allied food programme (see November 10th, 1915, January 6th and December 3rd, 1917). The new offensive comes amid promises of a major breakthrough within 24-hours by the new French Commander-in-Chief, Robert Nivelle, who planned the operation. French Foreign Minister in speech outlines French War Aims (see January 5th, 1918). General Kornilov surrenders to the Provisional Government (see 13th). What took place was officially known as the Third Battle of Ypres, but history recalls the horror in one word: Passchendaele . Within days, Russian soldiers mutiny and join the revolution. Portuguese troops in action on Western Front for the first time (see August 8th, 1916 and January 3rd, 1917). Secret Convention signed at Brest-Litovsk between Germany and Russian Bolshevik Government concerning Poland. Italian naval raid on Trieste harbour (night 9th/10th). Nivelle once again utilizes his creeping barrage tactic in which his armies advance in stages closely behind successive waves of artillery fire. Second German destroyer raid on Straits of Dover (night 20th /21st). F. Kennedy Photo History | Vietnam June 13, 1917 - London suffers its highest civilian casualties of the war as German airplanes bomb the city, killing 158 persons and wounding 425. Vossuq ed Douleh, Persian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, resigns (see August 29th, 1916, June 6th, 1917, and August 7th, 1918). What happened at Passchendaele? British defence of Jerusalem begins (see 30th). Ponta Delgada (Azores) shelled by a German submarine. World War I - World War I - Developments in 1917: The western Allies had good reason to be profoundly dissatisfied with the poor results of their enterprises of 1916, and this dissatisfaction was signalized by two major changes made at the end of the year. British ambulance transports "Lanfranc" and "Donegal" torpedoed and sunk in English Channel. (see May 17th and June 14th). F. Kennedy Photo History, The Rise of Dr. A. Augusto da Costa succeeds Dr. A. J. d'Almeida as Portuguese Premier (see March 15th, 1916 and December 10th, 1917). The Balfour Declaration written advocating an international home for . Inter-Allied Conference assembles in Rome to discuss co-operation, and the questions of Macedonia, Greece, the command of the Salonika expedition and to convene a shipping conference. Second Battle of Passchendaele ends (see October 26th) and Battles of Ypres, 1917, end (see July 31st, 1917 and September 28th, 1918). General Sir Douglas Haig promoted Field-Marshal (see December 19th, 1915). (see 21st and 25th). Estonia declared independent by the local Diet (see January 13th, 1918). What Happened in 1918. General Guchkov appointed Russian Minister for War (see 13th, 14th, and May 16th). The Zimmermann telegram is passed along by the British to the Americans and is then made public, causing an outcry from interventionists in the U.S., such as former president Teddy Roosevelt, who favor American military involvement in the war. Tikrit (Mesopotamia) Occupied by British forces (see 5th). With Russia's departure from the Eastern Front, forty-four German divisions become available to be redeployed to the Western Front in time for Ludendorff's Spring Offensive. Action between German raider "Leopard" and H.M.S. First, Russia began to pull out of the war, overwhelmed by a... See full answer below. 11th January » The Kingsland Explosion called Kingsland munitions factory explosion occurs as a result of sabotage. Settlement Treaty signed at Berlin between Germany and Turkey (see April 10th, 1918). Proclamation issued changing name of British Royal House to Windsor. Total 290, over half civilians (see December 21st, 1914 and July 20th and August 5th, 1918). What Happened in 1917. German forces withdraw from front line positions on the Ancre as part of the. October 31, 1917 - In the Middle East, the British led by General Edmund Allenby begin an attack against Turkish defensive lines stretching between Gaza and Beersheba in southern Palestine. Action of Ramadi (Mesopotamia) (28th/29th). More than half of the French divisions on the Western Front experience some degree of disruption by disgruntled soldiers, angry over the unending battles of attrition and appalling living conditions in the muddy, rat and lice-infested trenches. December, 7, 1917 - Romania concludes an armistice with the Central Powers due to the demise of Imperial Russia, its former military ally. Its message outlines plans for an alliance between Germany and Mexico against the United States. General Kornilov succeeds General Brusilov as Russian Commander-in-Chief (see June 4th and September 8th). German airship "L.-48" destroyed by aeroplane at Theberton in Suffolk. German aeroplanes for the first time raid London by night in force (see 2nd). Six days later, the British try again, with similar results. Russian Provisional Government issue declaration repudiating a separate peace. September 1, 1917 - On the Eastern Front, the final Russian battle in the war begins as the Germans attack toward Riga. Sir Eric Geddes appointed First Lord of the Admiralty, Great Britain (see July 19th). Zaleszczyki (Galicia) recaptured by austro-German forces (see June 12th, 1916). Bolivia severs diplomatic relations with Germany. Third Battle of Gaza ends (see October 27th). November 20, 1917 - The first-ever mass attack by tanks occurs as the British 3rd Army rolls 381 tanks accompanied by six infantry divisions in a coordinated tank-infantry-artillery attack of German trenches near Cambrai, France, an important rail center. The Germans are lying in wait, fully aware of the battle plans which have been leaked to them. April 1917 - British combat pilots on the Western Front suffer a 50 percent casualty rate during Bloody April as the Germans shoot down 150 fighter planes. British hospital ship "Dover Castle" sunk by submarine in the Mediterranean. Single aeroplane by moonlight (see November 28th, 1916 and September 4th, 1917 and May 19th, 1918). The initial attack on Beersheba surprises the Turks and they pull troops away from Gaza which the British attack secondly. Here are historical events, facts, and some myths about this day. Lieut.-General A. de Ceuninck appointed Minister for War (see November 21st, 1918). Air Force (Constitution) Act, 1917, comes into operation in Great Britain (see December 21st, 1917 and January 3rd, 1918). Russian Constituent Assembly meet in Petrograd (see 13th). February 1, 1917 - The Germans resume unrestricted submarine warfare around the British Isles with the goal of knocking Britain out of the war by cutting off all imports to starve the British people into submission. Permanent Allied Supreme War Council inaugurated (see November 7th 1917 and February 3rd, 1918). First Battle of Doiran begin (first phase 24th/25th) (see, May 9th). February 3, 1917 - The United States severs diplomatic ties with Germany after a U-Boat sinks the American grain ship Housatonic. Eventually, he finds the Second Devons in a nearby forest, where a member of the battalion is singing a song as they prepare to march into battle. First units of Portuguese Expeditionary Force land in France (see August 8th, 1916, and June 17th, 1917). Historical Events for the Year 1917. Signor Orlando appointed Italian Premier (see 25th). Dr. Ernst Ritter von Seidler appointed Austrian Premier (see 18th and June 21st, 1918). The crash happened through the carelessness of the two signalmen, who were found guilty of criminal negligence and sent to prison. However, Russian soldiers and peasants are now flocking to Lenin's Bolshevik Party which opposes the war and the Provisional Government. Nicholas II, Tsar of Russia, abdicates (see 12th, and July 16th, 1918). In June 1917, after the Allies failed to convince the King, French Admiral Dartigue du Fournet started an Athenian siege forcing Constantine to abdicate and leave the country on 11th June, 1917. The British suffer 150,000 casualties during the offensive, while the Germans suffer 100,000. The British Admiralty, following on a Cabinet decision, appoint a Committee, in conjunction with the Ministry of Shipping, to draw up a plan to convoy merchant ships (see June 14th and July 2nd). The German counter-attacks at Cambrai begin (see 20th and December 3rd). May 19, 1917 - The Provisional Government of Russia announces it will stay in the war. On another hand, wars were still being waged. Dr. da Silva Paes appointed Acting President of Portugal (see December 11th, 1917, and May 9th, 1918). British Government give the King of the Hejaz (see December 15th, 1916, and February 4th, 1918) written assurance of the future independence of the Arab people. The goal is to drive a wedge between the British and French armies on the Western Front via a series of all-out offensives using Germany's finest divisions and intensive storm troop tactics. Here are historical events, facts, and some myths about this day. War | The Rise of King Constantine of Greece abdicates in favour of his second son, Prince Alexander (see 11th). U.S. Enters World War I On April 6, 1917, the United States formally declared war against Germany and entered the conflict in Europe. (Last airship raid on London.) Herr von Bethmann-Holweg, German Imperial Chancellor, resigns (appointed July 14th, 1909): succeeded by Dr. Michaelis (see October 30th). Place All Rights Reserved. Russia proclaimed a Republic by the Provisional GoVernment (see 10th). On the one hand, World War 1 was over. The whole offensive disintegrates within five days. During the three-week long withdrawal, the Germans conduct a scorched earth policy, destroying everything of value. America entered WW1. lnter-Allied Conference ["Commission de Ravitaillement"] (Russia, France, Great Britain and Italy represented) assembles at Petrograd to discuss war policy, finance, supplies and co-operation (see February 20th). Norwegian Government forbid all foreign submarines to use Norwegian territorial waters (see October 13th, 1916). British offensive into Palestine begins (see 26th). Adolf Hitler. Bulgaria severs diplomatic relations with the United States of America. General Roques, French Minister for War, resigns (see 20th and March 16th, 1916). Ministry of National Service formed in Great Britain (see December 19th, 1916). Harwich flotilla action with German 6th torpedo boat flotilla in the North Sea: H.M.S. delegates at Brest-Litovsk-Bolshevik Russia, and Bulgaria, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey (see 6th, and November 30th). German forces withdraw from the Somme sector to the. Battle of the Menin Road Ridge (Ypres) ends (see. May 27-June 1, 1917 - The mutinous atmosphere in the French Army erupts into open insubordination as soldiers refuse orders to advance. "State of War" also begins between Greece and Austria-Hungary and between Greece and Turkey (see 26th). Passage of the Diyala (near Baghdad) (7th/10th). British hospital ship "Goorkha" damaged by mine off Malta. General PÃ©tain succeeds General Nivelle as Commander-in-Chief of French Northern and North-Eastern Groups of Armies (see April 29th, 1917 and November 19th, 1918). French cruiser "KlÃ©ber" sunk by submarine off Brest. Diplomatic relations severed with Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey. April 2, 1917 - President Woodrow Wilson appears before the U.S. Congress and gives a speech saying "the world must be made safe for democracy" then asks the Congress for a declaration of war against Germany. Truce between Russia and Central Powers comes into operation officially (see 2nd and 6th). M. Jonnart succeeds M. MÃ©tin as French Minister for Blockade [First Minister: formerly Blockade was under an Under-Secretary.] Hostilities between Rumania and Central Powers suspended (see 9th and 10th, and March 5th, May 7th, and November 10th, 1918). The British Admiralty Formally approve, scheme for convoying merchant ships (see May 17th aud July 2nd). British S.S. "Laconia" sunk by submarine (see 27th). Dr. Artur von Zimmermann, German Foreign Minister, resigns (see November 21st, 1916, and August 5th, 1917). Corinth and Larissa occupied by Entente forces. British attack on Ramadi (Mesopotamia) (11th/14th). Belgian Government reply, to President Wilson's Note placing themselves in hands of Allies (see December 18th, 1916 and September 15th, 1918). April 16, 1917 is the 106 th day of the year 1917 in the Gregorian calendar. Declaration of War by Provisional Government against Germany and Bulgaria of November 23rd, 1916, becomes effective for the whole of Greece. End of first phase of Battle of Marasesti (see July 22nd). First meeting of British Imperial War Conference (see December 19th, 1916). Provisional Government in Russia recognised by Great Britain, France, Italy, United States of America, Rumania, and Switzerland (see 14th). The winter of 1916-1917 was known as the "turnip winter," because that hardly-edible vegetable, usually fed to livestock, was used by people as a substitute for potatoes and meat, which were increasingly scarce. Battle of La Malmaison ends (see October 23rd). Allied Conference at Rapallo. German airship "L.-22" destroyed in North Sea by British warships. Nearly 300,000 Italians surrender as the Austro-Germans advance, while some 400,000 desert. Kut reoccupied by British forces (see 24th, and January 9th). British hospital ship "Glenart Castle" damaged by mine between Havre and Southampton (see February 26th, 1918). Polish Regency Council appointed (see September 12th). Focsani (Rumania) taken by German forces. Japanese Government unable to comply with request of British Government that two Japanese battle cruisers should join the Grand Fleet in the North Sea (see February 8th, 1916, and April 17th, 1917). June 25, 1917 - The first American troops land in France. M. PainlevÃ© appointed French Minister for War (see 17th, September 12th and November 14th). ltaly accedes to Franco-British Convention as to naval "prizes" (see November 9th, 1914). Four days later, the Allies attack again and edge closer as the Germans slowly begin pulling out. Russian Revolution-Tsar Nicholas II abdicated. of the following book first published in 1922 by His Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO): History of the Great War - Principal Events 1914-1918, HMSO, 1922, ISBN - 0 948 13031 8. This domain name stems from the last time the Boston Red Sox won the World Series in the 20th century. United States Government announce decision to send a Division of the United States Army to France at once (see June 25th). German proposals to Mexico for alliance against the United States published in the American Press (see January 19th). July 2, 1917 - Greece declares war on the Central Powers, following the abdication of pro-German King Constantine who is replaced by a pro-Allied administration led by Prime Minister Venizelos. December 9, 1917 - Jerusalem is captured by the British. Raid by British naval light forces on the Kattegat (see April 15th, 1918). Newsround's guide to what happened during World War One. March 8, 1917 - A mass protest by Russian civilians in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) erupts into a revolution against Czar Nicholas II and the war. The average life expectancy of an Allied fighter pilot is now three weeks, resulting from aerial dogfights and accidents. March 15, 1917 - Germans along the central portion of the Western Front in France begin a strategic withdrawal to the new Siegfried Line (called the Hindenburg Line by the Allies) which shortens the overall Front by 25 miles by eliminating an unneeded bulge. October 26, 1917 - At Ypres, a second attempt is made but fails to capture the village of Passchendaele, with Canadian troops participating this time. Allied Naval Conference formed in London (see January 24th). Battle of Pilckem Ridge (Ypres) ends (see July 31st). 2008-05-03 09:24:45. Bolshevik coup d'Ã©tat in Petrograd. Braila (Rumania) taken by German forces. Labor in America 1908-1912, John March 8, 1917 - A mass protest by Russian civilians in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) erupts into a revolution against Czar Nicholas II and the war. Count Bernstorff's correspondence re German intrigues published. Former succeeds M. Kerenski as Premier and latter succeeds M. Tereshchenko as Foreign Minister (see 13th, May 16th and August 6th). World War One started in 1914 and lasted until 1918, so it was still going on in 1917. They establish a non-democratic Soviet Government based on Marxism which prohibits private enterprise and private land ownership. Herr Richard von Kuhlmann appointed German Foreign Minister (see July 15th, 1917 and July 9th, 1918). Professor Lambros, Greek Premier, resigns and is succeeded by M. Zaimis (see October 10th, 1916 and June 24th, 1917). First session of armistice [Also known as "Truce Delegates" and "Peace Delegates."] First Battle of Doiran ends (second phase 8th/9th) (see April 24th, 1917 and September 18th, 1918). Admiral Sims, United States Navy, hoists his flag at Queenstown as acting Commander-in-Chief Irish Command (see April 9th and May 2nd). Battle of Jaffa (Palestine) ends (see 21st). "Second Offensive Battle" of Verdun ends (see August 20th). July 1917 and ended in November 1917. (see 23rd and August 17th). In 1917, two things happened that combined to end the stalemate in World War I. However, by now the Germans have vastly improved their trench defenses including well-positioned artillery. March 15, 1917: Facts & Myths About This Day. Signor Boselli, Italian Premier, resigns (see 29th and June 15th, 1916). Underground explosion collapses the German-held Messines Ridge south of the Baltic Islands completed ( see 10th and ). The 250-foot-high Ridge had given the Germans a Commanding defensive position further eastward negligence and sent to.! 15Th, 1917 - the French Army in disarray the main burden on the one hand, wars were being. Movies, songs and books released on: USA: 15 July.... ( first phase 24th/25th ) ( see May 17th aud July 2nd ), John F. Kennedy Photo,... August 6th ) costa Rica severs diplomatic relations with United States troops arrives in France ( see )! Of Jaffa ( Palestine ) ends ( see 8th and May 1st, )... 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