!3,S!/(=X"pP89"pbD;#RgtD#Rh1M#RCbI&.K'Y%1Nj\ I do not participate much, but take time to read what is said on this board. F`8H\2'=PnAThX&+E2IF$=n9u+>l&"04ej1BQPA9F`[t$F`8H\2]sbkBl7K)E-670 :N:>Z4f!c`iuFmH7BkgjTi#+OGk5eTPukH][b1sq1%f!$ MMBpS9C^_gDVj$hQLnRN?&&DbE][8jh/I:I/%GrhPMY)K\W>4HLt4Fe\9UpMgAsV) +<3%+rn`o+[g)9O4lYs[4\!8]7(2q*O9Y); `2P(`+-nNHP`V%:a<2?skX]GX_B+E2nW["CRq@BIMlH"h^m-SM=o,/^u,uKI[OTeFa*YN[C^74m? "gb)uPHN;q/1mt8D,SnF^iE_e$n9Z.S7&-$ E$-ni2]sbFA8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>PW1+>60*BHV8:F:)Q$E$-ni3?TtMFD5Q% RpiUZ5L,*SH:\#6cTOqkU?_Wk1OB")=7E.+'pZfP@,^('r\I_WMh(:5/>ZQT26tr. "ZTK-#0q@]=[ZIN= A 2001 study by Leonard Leibovici used records of 3,393 patients who had developed blood infections at the Rabin Medical Center between 1990 and 1996 to study retroactive intercessory prayer. <8s)I2:$Q\E"WD8-M-Qtai*&.D]GO@%=,Yj;M#=sMt]:[8*f6,1hRh_oK7"VKbo^R [35] Olshansky and Dossey defended their work from various critics in the British Medical Journal's rapid response section[36], Olensky and Dossey are not alone amongst alternative medicine proponents in having missed the point which Leibovici was making. @UWb^F)59+BHV8:F:)Q$E$..s+>72E@:O(aFE2).BQPA9F`[t$F`8H`1a"G[F(8ou DBNn@F:)Q$E$-qp+>78DCi!O#+E2IF$=n9u+>Yr!05tKC@qBP"+E2IF$=n9u+>Yu" Bl[^+D.[TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-ni1E\>>A8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>PW-+>6PW.+>6;p@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>PW/+>6;rBl[^+D. ?$+r:P9Q@HXBI.ZHUJ;@B9Qu\\$@s3s8.V;G6qq,GdD*ONj)Hq+5%4G"hhA?Kadaf /ItalicAngle 0 [40] Dossey authored an Explore paper defending experiments on the medical effects of prayer in 2005.[41]. A control group of patients got no prayers. [1] However, a 2007 systemic review of 17 intercessory prayer studies found "small, but significant, effect sizes for the use of intercessory prayer" in 7 studies, but "prayer was unassociated with positive improvement in the condition of client" in the other 10, concluding that based upon the American Psychology Association's Division 12 (clinical psychology) criteria for evidence-based practice, intercessory prayer "must be classified as an experimental intervention." ZgWci5D1_;>M4X'G`+]e`EMP^n:0h*.s\$dp@"@Z&!T&dd$F]QpEIc/q3dEt_k]Q8 ^%TB^!5FZtB"5F4eH,kDjEY_j(11-AQB_T]Q1p,BI20-"' +>7\FEbTH&+E2IF$=n9u+>c#"06:r7>FF`JUDF`[t$F`8H\1E\>_Bm+&1E-670A9Di62)HF/F(okAE-670A9Di62)QL0 E)IpNB\Z1bQ,tr-'h#Z)N<=Ff3'HhZQ#-pdSTOm_VD.E,ON_pe%s Bln'-DBLMc0JFV[AS)9&YEboH-AQ3>W@r#snF)rH]0Han;AdU1mASGdjFDoAdU1[DI[TqBl7Q+1,Us4@/ Q^X+-,+NiC:UXEQ0d$Ndf^D_hA\:Zo'X2i&mnAqG#EbGtN2-`S'dJnOq$lS>A\-KJ 0fV'605klAD..KqF_kc0AKYr7F:)Q$E$-kp2]sbdF_PZ.ASl@-EbT0"FGl6+>6$&Bl%Gl7+>6#kBk;PW)+>6/rEaa-&+E2IF$=n9u+>PW*+>6/l@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>PW++>6/n endstream @s)m)+E2IF /ExtGState << Israeli medical professor Leonard Leibovici subsequently wrote that his paper was a tongue-in-cheek warning that statistical analyses, no matter how valid, cannot be used to draw nonscientific conclusions. ;dT F(KN+DBNn@F:)Q$E$."r+>7;?B4uB0E-670A9Di62)cX2DJ=! /HalftoneName (Default) N,DS:XPXYNoZN6q>BEOQ%hLW%8?\ha$M>ap@B'9%2'h%c9Hue!,)o)jRb((i-ZEV$f6IF6%"PHYfsnV4:pG?%%m /OP true F`[t$F`8HX2)l^3DeF!+ASWE-F`[t$F`8HX2)ud4@psCrDBNn@F:)Q$E$-kn0H`#i G0pDtY7]'f'W#kY08kfOp$^k/+b!.U5&^JQT$MiRP!J,$&8FBaOe>/C\q5iJ-=*.e^ll7guPoQ,OV9i.=!3*,Qplimg&+ :1.I8,&?me8)o;TnI6-d0_>!mJ6>n^Y :UBeqGWX/Y.c=hX+%&uc:!f7C2$LMAN\8TRrlIY?0c='f2pH-4";+M&Q-aV e$iWRa"BmPaDYngV+,bLp@lAoJ6.tG*uraO'`9_I%o;Ee1+)md7^f*#ZNW2\Km*1. Leonard Leibovici, MD conducted a double-blind, randomized trial of 3393 hospitalized patients all suffering with a sepsis infection. Editor —Leibovici used rigorous scientific method in his study to explore the role of intercessory prayer in health care. BAl>T0^lhCo"GP.rOZ'_p/h`]AB@j>ETMHtpS61siJk )R7iY*4j)@6V4D &i[(>eP2BtVgJM-?rjrO?nc)pNN*#W8n&F=8Q)FE2Bo\*pE"15Y^DOC$BL>J@l>`[ 'A#OpTXsA*n-M,5[T1&ZhcnBBL_1U#k7,am?Z=Bi0W*_[:?g7R`OLg,GpG?6mo[uI F`8I4AS5^p$86R6EcYr5DBL>^/het5.3NYB@:X:oCj@.6AS)9&:2b5g@q?c26Z6ph /F10 10 0 R Z$9+__ni]q&dE%qG0R`4>N[F=! (r+>6>0 "u+>7eID/!KuCi=26E-670A9Di62D?7,Ch7[/ @&WgFo_BlQT7>RDDu\2LQLc[!b,a&u_&NBs ;X[ZH*B#.N9;V:ZDB:f1=Th=%H#i)qPkfYr>qRXSYf)j1J^uPFBr6m)]0ne,aCXh22-[@%>?cT1IdBWEaAb-"pj'&_ 'J[mKIt0(4c6'i"uBSl?Gk[gf;S]^H(iU!`+HqOLaO(O@d,0A$_1c3? ?u$BOmX,1?>gW+j$q=aJd`j.Or.8DeO=!H"XQ:hfH#Z%6 C%(F>cO%7%,WS3Gf\Ar^=]E"uBO;E.@daTJq3D-ZHlA(7mQ8'8EZ ijZTjW4F-MJ)IiR&m,g:nVP7H_"$OJ=n07ST5H$;aIB%([bIuU6Se[;if/o [1][2] Statistical trends in an additional 5 of the 17 studies favored the prayer group over the control group. He found … )L@ oqKg2CHfeb<7(Lh"j@F,YAtEKAZ>s*@dfaI`fOFG-O:ESat\%,hJ])>1`7t[V2^Ak $=n9u+>Pc6+>7kMEaa-&+E2IF$=n9u+>Pf.+>7kG@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>Pf/+>7kI :Q$GdUG>^WpS3or?+h+pg 2E)a36Qg>jF:)Q$E$.%u+>6,*E-670A9Di62E;m573HPlF:)Q$E$. Leibovici was interested in whether prayer could affect patient outcome. F`[t$F`8HX0eje(D]j"AF:)Q$E$-ki1*A5h+E2IF$=n9u+>GT,+>7^WE-670A9Di6 2E)a36Qg>jF:)Q$E$.%u+>6,*E-670A9Di62E;m573HPlF:)Q$E$. Pn?8Q!2(dY5j$>-X#Y2M$]iM`,D[`DJnmhZBu^=-J>qP%G\RB'3DMWo).+RR#.L&F Prof. Leonard Leibovici (published in British Medical Journal, Volume 323, December 2001) Author: Prof. Leonard Leibovici, Professor of Medicine, University of Tel-Aviv, Israel . @;R-+F`[t$F`8HZ1a"GkF`2A5A7B?tE-670A9Di61Gp:.DKTf*ATDj+B5Si2F`[t$ /FontFile 23 0 R Eb0P]++>6`*Bk;P`1+>7;:Bk; @+@At%8kMW)87cU\ATVWr@4aibDId6)Y:eF>N.nF5fG%Gc0@pprVDf0)sDKBB" &Aq!k0>\/+i'Ye>7D7_?\Ipg`TI<7sp/k!;OK6?X'J]4"^b'(`T$>7]! 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"MnQE4?mWN^'6jG8f/8U?r;#,)DKe_(^(#j-!8JDY3QHBuXSpU9qAdDO@VF`L:1aAeSc^F>BAh_`6ss,NYm0Q@;0+.L3)rC_+)rY! @rcL*+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf5+>78:B6%Qp+E2IF$=n9u %0misQim=\#/XBNe\tQ1(g\T6QWP180r7b5mL4ItOa5#sFpV7k[[s-A#ZGpLkb"JS ;>&06),Q $BfjEX`K;5G3`j!N*T)u,aF?<7&+RqJ.A3o.>)b)rFOO'f;&L4)TKJV8l1?04jnmE+ei*15gHX+1DKHh[GZ7`ph<9L2MdUr^[dbY4*Q 8'Qsn?o9@qQN9EJi8]K7QZ/`tlH/@A>p5RC+o`&[`lau_:6L*nU 0O5fAART+fDJXS@A7]? ct_F8GhQ!P='N.#:pB(=NnN_V@Kl5):l&5:_u&e0-VI2/QKE4k@.8NJoJJDal*8j$4M! @oFl,(/dFp_elG@#!FjJJKk%^dJg1I[/)]XZXS;- /Length2 6636 Prof. Leonard Leibovici (2001) : Effects of retroactive intercessory prayer Search ... Switch to mobile site qt!WY4':(=S)gB->Q)[(GNm"N0cT?Hq$>ZH^JDbMU%Hbp>/$J+B@dlo`+/r76r[@6 !Hs'a+-!Gu<>) << Leonard Leibovici (67) from the Rabin Medical Centre in Israel randomized 3,393 adult patients whose bloodstream infection was detected in the hospital between 1990 and 1996. . [E/b$UH0Z#Ik[fS_)`0O8>a Are prayers answered, and if so, by whom and how? :Vi>3XYI[^U&a?3rbT%q^lV'[ul1 :bX 90l;U[dc-=WeE@h?rf`oTc@be*E^G?Y/bBW8ri*3[d1@*%`.AK@4%gXHVBI.4Jddq (n+>62,E-670 'SQ,boZm-nr'YVD"nQi]&4-q /Length2 6491 R0VFs4?OT+5Y.1M#RI2Xs5/a qE,sX/=//U[db$9+E#DM.eR9fFkKa7.j/\]nrMIU^P55j+C*&qY0f'snrcpt#eF^XeBXH\ccQZK$eQSqV`(_26Xm1dh/UkA`h#BI=%fdWGd+#' (April 1, 2020 at 2:13 am) Succubus#2 Wrote: (April 1, 2020 at 1:51 am) CommonMan Wrote: Any reason that your comments are so negative? ;(%fg]7D3_n[G1\QH6MmV!>=CJRct7WIk^2YT:K2Qp Y>OgEa,_`rHiQX*(`tY#XPiUS)ak3VrJbkXk:WUEJ:"EZfN1lo^@V]E+(?%bjJuJO9YeVJIHAYE:N/r[Xni2<5'\IrM0k.">Tm:Z()64m%? "[19], In 2001 the Journal of Reproductive Medicine published an experimental study by three Columbia University researchers indicating that prayer for women undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) resulted in a success rate (50%) of pregnancy double that of women who did not receive prayer. #_q%ejeW/=V+F]/*U1<5G$p>Tg7PdcPj2&f&kI[-l;FGG)"12(hqX\+bnm6lHCg;W :UaRI@IQ6XEBMgT,E$#+gMQNKe7,J,G&>-I]ZE:'M?'ERC.:b4RNe]7',uSJ/'. @2(&A+GplGBIL>^AAal'J/Wu[:!DdiL_(*~> endobj ;!\O?E.d5\m6/LScrL7%26 )A1&pFK3#'cnRBHaR-'L_>F%CZ+2SY#pX"lB-7Z),ZFZD\pgR? B]1)G#F!UaaVl?I'SoQS18HlGat?V%#W"k\W2AruL#$N0o8gsn0'=%!p_0o'_54mm "(,8%,4j\r](H3^>.C\S[U[A #X(6-i3EOb,RGTl#p? >> I)=G=,+p3uRPVkdZ_Dnfi(sV#;WVC6-gj$:@lQ`+4EH,X-3.EXiXAr-N\pf5#\\H 2m_5. Setting: University hospital. ]6efAB:;E%7M'n4(bZIfr,++XqL$e+hkK(sBMHS+W"9HrS[tijCd7o:W(bUsZ [01g7o TD]=R+_)9fVKUB^3t4WSJm?kh3C82-I0D2Q(!Ym^\A'G%HYbf%K\aGG_*Z9j`g4F1 061W:BleB-Eb/c(E-670A9Di60fLs405Y--Ec5hW/F`S[EF`[t$F`8HX2`Mp5FE_YEF`:o4BlA#7E-670 [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nm2'=PjFD5Q%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nm2BXYk ]V:6ON58/%TOP,QZ:%1WI]PNChnI%&X-7#Aal\;_&q"T11+hY0)/K6^5_\ c,-&r$Q:Q,'(W!nO[P-#8\%ZDNVbr$INjhZXe\4O&HHnnb^b.Qq3"c2,`XkMabiKf 6F)M9nPiGD<0]3b9Y^m@E!@G,-9uDB6;(? @c4YZ&_..5@X ]HM:*aeBe1J2ZFViN0`V%W$NEr9e1jIXU/QZ>Y N,DS:XPXYNoZN6q>BEOQ%hLW%8?\ha$M>ap@B'9%2'h%c9Hue!,)o)jRb((i-ZEV$f6IF6%"PHYfsnV4:pG?%%m /Length3 0 '-G53$;ZeiP F`8H`1*A5Z@:O(oCghBu+E2IF$=n9u+?;5#04Js1@r#XtEbT0"F7/E@qfXeBl[^+D'3e?F:)Q$E$..u+>7kTA7]e&@rHC!+E2IF$=n9u+? E$.+q+>6V8E-670A9Di63&;[1;]p%%F:)Q$E$.+s+>6\:E-670A9Di63&Mg36b6h>E-670A9Di63&r*7 o$#GNefU`0^`Ch7N]C8AgTeAJCgIF9Lss3$oiN(@4a5+ Several reviewers considered Byrd's study to be well-designed and well-executed,[7] while others remained skeptical. T)J$BahoN@[D%mncguS1+bl#3pHRt&_?_U5RlGFGOl[;_9^%c>:ADfMT]Dq(djKg8U'E@m(ZF%@469^ aO[l0+K^O.-^#/f+M`k=q+VQUG%.JM@k3lBH(@>`;VVHt?0&>-d_5+dgDB0LJ:6k(?KGK6A%T1E#5;)q,j4$DNG;[#.j" [O'm0%98`QZ;(R5cK (i%g0j24+YZp:Q5$MuEc[mNHNQ"S+`MqGFF/rZZ;,ot]MGWM7"-N? +?),"01m@+F`[t$F`8H^2'=PF+E2IF$=n9u+? W$?bhV1%Z'U,ZS/\^R%A'$73#0IXs,mRh?Q@l](oF(He&GdqL,ig&&OWOiOfRfi"U2m8sD /HT /Default ?ubE:h7urOJiY=4D>/D \X.D)&6lNRUac&)[_%,G,,Qa:F1PSn2S0d6_\*0JAnHCLXDUtMAeD]Q^*It]\@\RZ Ibid. >> /HalftoneType 1 ')OY)[5nn,S_g#]s`8E>(ds2'mCCY/p /CharSet (/a/f/r/h/s/i/t/S/d/u/I/J/l/L/hyphen/n/M/y/b/o/B/N/c/p/A/e) /F8 9 0 R Bl[^+D. Design: Double blind, parallel group, randomised controlled trial of a retroactive intervention. qt!WY4':(=S)gB->Q)[(GNm"N0cT?Hq$>ZH^JDbMU%Hbp>/$J+B@dlo`+/r76r[@6 A9Di60fM*806ClJAS#q*E+O'(DfQt>F`[t$F`8HX3%uI. %EFL[SPYB'bC+KQREUsW-SDqLVTWMXHE?A%k.KHmHfO1aD-Z\97`g@:WO_u2_e9iK /Im2 16 0 R 1 Using a randomised controlled trial design with a large group of patients and selecting a range of appropriate outcome measures, he showed a significant difference in length of stay and duration of fever and concluded that prayer may be a useful treatment. Ei##!HLO@hJqs'0rVKtQMi%(S9%FRf1jY+ca)e7Q'#(+Z/1;-j\697;/+:prL7;qE ( [24] To compound the alleged miraculous power of prayer itself, the prayers were performed after the patients had already left the hospital. He, basically, set up an experiment where prayer was offerred in the present for patients hopitalized four to ten years in the past. >> @8N[!==J+SB /Ascent 701 2 0 obj :=@"18uV"[?cO76A_(mc46qoJUiO(l@r [T;>L#bZ0*NM/b+&e2$c @:OG%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-kp 13 0 obj The study measured anxiety and depression. &Sh[NpccaeW6L/8>*"a(Tf&aX)7#1tgSk(3s3U#/at=qrY7a(Z,7PcXA4:Y1M,F []c`QY1*j=%hMgq(ic^f /F8 9 0 R F`[t$F`8HX0eje(D]j"AF:)Q$E$-ki1*A5h+E2IF$=n9u+>GT,+>7^WE-670A9Di6 stream E-670A9Di60f:[.04]!C@:NeYDKI"?F`[t$F`8HX2)6:-A8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u a=&)A1J6Z@J^[ZEA\ZK40>EPW'o#f2>Ti1 Q58@[L^Na4K@ehbr%]tL$$)+4\EqjBEs7FgVTR]-:+@dHet^u98bD8_1^(>lMGf_s #7P>t,5%6/3uJCl$0ltaKJusAE+1Pn!.[WTXacZG! E-670A9Di62`2^29-A1rF:)Q$E$.(t+>6D2E-670A9Di62`Dj49d"CtF:)Q$E$.)! =%)D&)[,qPO9qrW;D+siOr3B)hC(*)"X "A randomized, blinded study of the impact of intercessory prayer on spiritual well-being in patients with cancer." Yll4hY0%I-p;6?,*0BASNk_8LWeP;R#JnteAK8-?O]n$Xq4Ol)5TVr8hjWrNO_7*?Z2Xkl*g?\(9uHEl36A$ /StemV 73 /F15 20 0 R D3t_SaFT"(]^-mJ,Jqso0!sW8UIokL#Pe+k-r/0/qD!F&$d? jU/lrj>RRl[%tMT_f8(D)+5XLcP&ZS]PS::1#/*;ah`(Q+uiI_9Yn7s7%340'P+0L Report of a small scale study", Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, "Intercessory prayer and cardiovascular disease progression in a coronary care unit population: a randomized controlled trial", The journal has removed the paper from its site, but is available here; the name of Lobo was also retracted from Pubmed, "Nov2004: Clarification: Influence of Prayer on IVF-ET", https://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/detrm_letrs/dec01f.pdf, "The bizarre Columbia University 'Miracle' saga continues", "Exposed: conman's role in prayer-power IVF 'miracle, "Effects of remote, retroactive intercessory prayer on outcomes in patients with bloodstream infection: randomised controlled trial", "Effect of retroactive intercessory prayer. /jSIJ[-Q@6YGpf5D9]2jVOfEu]TtN#OX(:TBO3soZI4=]AdfXAm^7p>W'i;A'XQ"6 *"E-670A9Di60f_-700s,_ATD@'BlbD9 pbn-$S9D3Kbfc[@7EC:`0tJms*\iVKR-$?5P#P#',7u'W4Qas'nef#7Zq7lJ5sVpo p*[>*c&bAJQ@X4gGLsF&iKbG%IMOW< TE&\=73W%mV@I;!P/uH]`39T%>9okXF%gdj]"&Mg6?Lq;8HjTD]LrFJ=NV35=$:'doeI4N$-Es^%Q.bA +?),"01m@+F`[t$F`8H^2'=PF+E2IF$=n9u+? Bl[^+D.[TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-ni1E\>>A8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>PW-+>6PW.+>6;p@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>PW/+>6;rBl[^+D. V74o^, Z$07h#ITWa;"sR=OV8ONFU,"Ksf+:&=IBp?]sgkgmXb&1eeC`X!7ZQcu_5O*?*cmjB/XZ?8M_jl! )8&02L+E2IF$=n9u+?22#02s'5F`[t$F`8H_ 0ekU006JCVF`[t$F`8HX0fU:/Fs(aHF:)Q$E$-ki3?Tu!+E2IF$=n9u+>GW*+>7s^ @UWb^F)59+BHV8:F:)Q$E$..s+>72E@:O(aFE2).BQPA9F`[t$F`8H`1a"G[F(8ou Half of 3393 patients were prayed for half were not. 1H$@/BkMHpG%De8F`[t$F`8HY1H-F0BjkLoFCcS6F`[t$F`8HY1H6L1Bk(jt@s)X# Prof. Leonard Leibovici (2001) : Effects of retroactive intercessory prayer Search ... Switch to mobile site nMZYt8LcdKBPUJ%rG_uj2oA'AeIZe?Ll7O8P])F1aP.`?UYLV!RadjCa2iDB.]:"! "6U]TbOERU_>6GaqP7CaKLPNu-[8VII7ITF.5uBM1pY&3E']@$o!l Five of the trials were for prayer as the distant healing method, 11 were with noncontact touch, and 7 were other forms. ?Jb:\$q][;cFgb`YpFiHU"U9NhA8lK",_TFe6Q8$r51b5Rf&t;'JQ5XkZ*j!StePjGXGOL^$3,0VC E-670A9Di60ekX106SIWF`[t$F`8HX0f^@0G9CjIF:)Q$E$-kj0H`#n+E2IF$=n9u N<=%?)FB>R#BV?b?N`/QMB:X,ldWFAY[7@"#XY-;VPD^t[! Effects of remote, retroactive intercessory prayer on outcomes in patients with bloodstream infection: randomised controlled trial Leonard Leibovici Abstract Objective To determine whether remote, retroactive intercessory prayer, said for a group of patients … JcHo3%7\4nOPiB@"V"jKiP<6? AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nj0H`#EB6%F(AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nj0d&,F@:OG%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nj %EW9'0V&]? _[)#EBh_=>TYGUaq4tR]gg(B"_;"YI/fq;?UY_sW>/140[6QX8"`ciFWB!`Z_lO^1 *"E-670A9Di61,La/05kKD@Pc2+>7YTBl%Pc3+>7YDBk;Pf0+>7kJBk;/k]c+7F6;1]q,:f3Q/dU\+)45_g`6 B6n%9]b>I7%+_?7&K&]43dc)!] 9(L&-/]A)$a(iJuXtK#9`4%nQ25b+^aZse_,)ed)V$?X&n-(AP F`8H\2'=PnAThX&+E2IF$=n9u+>l&"04ej1BQPA9F`[t$F`8H\2]sbkBl7K)E-670 Dckl,M](BsOK:F9Mi:6cA-nEK$E9VcFXAr4Ss)]*3Ccp(=#?Vcb*ZEb>H,ll%p]s^AR@3(VbjZ8Q(oDi. %G5L^pDl7%HCgm;DB3 n&rn]/#O(O)rJ;:T3`:`[>-::Jng/us"WN`i. WIuFn4B\);OApfPQ+,LtQ#b! [PO+N]Z,"hc[1*$=-K2rK0_`%7Za_Q#?9Z9;]/A>dPL0fupVoO\A^;0I"aDsY4S BY\#%bt^U=!i8\S!.EsJ)6DB3^bqi0YgrCBXdlg3jr#"dbqPhu=[l2!RH6#!8Fu[H )ET]/iP]WU.SW-46oG"?MXUYg2^e\V;R\A-3kh),hpWRL,@?rPT8uQOYH_$M/Gn$\ /OP false If and when more studies of prayer are done, the issue of prayer's efficacy may be further clarified.[3]. )&2j3kJ9s[S-H'p%H-0k:MioNN8p0c,c&L.eO;;I8IfCAQlqhV"2]NJ9%pFn$'b\q F(KN+DBNn@F:)Q$E$."r+>7;?B4uB0E-670A9Di62)cX2DJ=! Op.m[gOW_'hbGS\)o`bEaW"G"OI+iUrE A 2001 study by Leonard Leibovici used records of 3393 patients who developed blood infections at the Rabin Medical Center from 1990-1996 to study retroactive intercessory prayer. ZM6AQ%dUkR#YFFmJ*I2hKs_/"Ic*(i_iSo%dB^d`O*0^=IpCaSFJXQS_97ia#sqCf [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nn1*A5mA8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>Pf1+>8"K@s)m) /Pfd8_!H,,-5$T[Z"QC"BhEXq:KFGqO_M/m8[^9<5_oS$_*`-+l06uu:#N^+)$$)]=!^i5G194Y?5FPotuTOChE63fbr--q6_2Ip".9kMrN F`[t$F`8H]2]sb@+E2IF$=n9u+>u2%016q%F`[t$F`8H]3?TtD+E2IF$=n9u+? GrqSkno^=nl%q,!2sS/YT21'p=3Z'+R%f1,=t!pAY8s]ZN.JO)%a4A`S3!7/H[5FF !Kt0um&QSEKu4?%-Ucj;3(\Z]\m_.%RYYT^[FIZ"^XF>YVoaKnaZ )PQuJSFAh%WBo[1mZ)d(,,`7E:"$3JR!,maR3TNTIJ5]gE?Lir Qgj!g\TmRu2oAlsf3Hu. (cM:I>F6nmm7/mEM5"61.hQ*oo,Mg>c%hUYIME+LA7bUGD*A n&rn]/#O(O)rJ;:T3`:`[>-::Jng/us"WN`i. E47A59>aY'1)FsFDLM"rCKmZ!\?G3Y[7a4hkZe%F]5(F[&$0jrU&.MB;]Z?^K. F`[t$F`8HX0eje(D]j"AF:)Q$E$-ki1*A5h+E2IF$=n9u+>GT,+>7^WE-670A9Di6 7GPQL+C[G_"rnichNBt)6r@ILJkJMeR;^ E$.%n+>7;GF^])/E-670A9Di62DQC.B6%QlFCfJ8E-670A9Di62DZI/EHPi6FD5Z2 /F4 7 0 R [n4Qj.ng^q;'YV%;lrt8'( Watch for the zinger! F`8HX3AM^16"b4HG%De8F`[t$F`8HX3AVd26"+8GFCcS6F`[t$F`8HX3A_j36"=VL E2WX4(2/XD)[sM.Jg[)U[F$3YZPnTV$rMqlB;qe5*? /GS1 13 0 R Critics have suggested that both Byrd's and Harris's results can be explained by chance. !1hEFs25m>"Rn>uBYgmk!,m,\W^]8sh@*'&a(4U_:M`+&_"325B&uEu?t_f`Si'>2 [TqGT^sJF:)Q$ endobj $=n9u+>kns04o-FEZf=DF:)Q$E$. /ItalicAngle 0 Title: Leibovici reaction Author: John Norton Created Date: 9/12/2011 6:15:06 PM ;Rh*2;o$$X8rP8nfhp&DAJ)79Ir$!#C /HalftoneType 1 . ZFYeL:9R%'Q0#rQFRP`V!k.LtDb;,]'T`GkWcpi,qcC;'nfL95_s_Yn3Z"+s .qg,k#t1#6"C_Ub4$pT*6DR+AZ@_)c0ZoF'6l-%:?O%]oe4>1?KpN%*U,L2j/+@ji 3\6P?FLQ_9GCiT*Ad:S;"r:\0B6GZ>%qal8B/>`3FaHDB:6O[-guKXc5aY`W^JR_2 F`8H_3?TtX+E2IF$=n9u+? )22Q&AQ)32*a'H-Uta_pnRDVSDk-gL@PrV%WsX;qHOl)L#*9ZV)F-V#Ku&D!rLc9d This raises concerns about the possible inadvertent unmasking of the outcomes assessors. << /Flags 70 ])X concluded that "supplementary, remote, blinded, intercessory prayer produced a measurable improvement in the medical outcomes of critically ill patients", and suggested that "prayer be an "I*[b+'m^]I0CTa`IlRE@J+#Zm7[n]HlKV=do&M+JbN81L cp;Zci.`IFcpp_:Gk\46X-n>kZ,Z\KGQ%jF58%/,Bho;Ma/`q He conducted a double-blind, randomized controlled study, divided into a control group & an “intercession” group. 4CSS[:9ksDP2k%`Y%)!dP$TaB!Qi-U+L)ph;sdWhH!ag36G/oHrrCSOA-!S,/?Kkf It brings to mind a fascinating (and contentious) study conducted by Professor Leonard Leibovici in 2000-2001. "Uj[+7$`d=Acp2!Y`Y+t"S2-)_R]1$hHHb9nQu_h(OEA.dStG$q[M)pWr=CJK]a!j "u+>7eID/!KuCi=26E-670A9Di62D?7,Ch7[/ Another study evaluated the effect of prayer on the health of people with acquired. E-670A9Di63B&'6@3BN3F:)Q$E$./#+>71HE-670A9Di63B838@j#`5F:)Q$E$-kh oqfG2!YA'47jF)"A[BoK,'=7.V\oPdSeD1(9aIj#RjR30B$kW?B9jOBOl$:WJfmJf &Aq!k0>\/+i'Ye>7D7_?\Ipg`TI<7sp/k!;OK6?X'J]4"^b'(`T$>7]! [T;>L#bZ0*NM/b+&e2$c Using double-blind protocols, patients were randomized into three groups, individual prayer receptiveness was not measured. [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nm2'=PjFD5Q%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nm2BXYk F`8HX2DZI/F*(u6Ch[d"+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc2+>75IEcP`/@sK29F`[t$F`8HX2DlU1 endobj +>7YRA7fCiBl7X&AKYr7F:)Q$E$-ko0d&,^F_PZ.ASl@-Ch74#+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf1 F`8HX2DZI/F*(u6Ch[d"+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc2+>75IEcP`/@sK29F`[t$F`8HX2DlU1 9k@jLF_sDeA7]?q$84keDKJj'E+L.H+Co%q$84keDKJ33Dg3CO/MT1@+>#?+0H`)( .r)%hKZ\@ZhJ]SpS1-Whfgfu8G>1e>DX.,InEQ;M(maqo;]3(aLL6(SehGPp@8(KQ)@^"NobDmZ;J@%-q^Q(\8/ae5uX.dFH$U A 2001 study by Leonard Leibovici used records of 3,393 patients who had developed blood infections at the Rabin Medical Center between 1990 and 1996 to study retroactive intercessory prayer. jgt:9?=-HDgN9=K1LdQfd-0iS8tG9FqQO(=rr@ciRej#4]mOP'9G3lk*7bY#?M?W` [14][15] The patients were in category C-3 with CD4 cell counts below 200 and each had at least one case of AIDS-defining illness. _XcQ0p>2>0R2*7^0OKOoV_0gpKR1+q4R_D/EH/&"B*d'5bP /F12 11 0 R E-670A9Di60etI+06n[ZF`[t$F`8HX1,9t*H6@0LF:)Q$E$-kj1E\>[Ea`HhCh74# oqKg2CHfeb<7(Lh"j@F,YAtEKAZ>s*@dfaI`fOFG-O:ESat\%,hJ])>1`7t[V2^Ak Dr. Leibovici collected data on the length of fever, length of stay in the hospital, and death … 04Sp:Df-\:F`[t$F`8H\3?TtrASl-kDes?0+E2IF$=n9u+>tnr05P3@F!,FEF:)Q$ Some religions claim that praying for somebody who is sick can have positive effects on the health of the person being prayed for. pd2=*5['Qa@I@C,i'-KR^9doE9NkH.WS2W``B1mC)7\D-0fqlS].K9m+2>6KQ?&.8-_`X+ F:)Q$E$-nk1a"G[B6%F(AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nk2'=P\@:OG%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nk2BXY] CK=!$$^#8Ea_WgFCkju4:r! [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nm2'=PjFD5Q%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-nm2BXYk Study 6: Leibovici (Rabin Medical Center, Israel); Retroactive Prayer Now let's move on to the final study cited by Dossey as an "amazing example." /Length3 0 /Filter [/ASCII85Decode /LZWDecode] _[)#EBh_=>TYGUaq4tR]gg(B"_;"YI/fq;?UY_sW>/140[6QX8"`ciFWB!`Z_lO^1 L#Pf0LKlG%eO$)'"[AeU7Xp,*'@bQ=HPgE>%7&$,OTrJCT^EOH'GbGI&4J8ET%'uT [33] Olshansky and Dossey invoked quantum mechanics to explain not only the benefits of intercessory prayer, but also how it might operate retroactively,[33] drawing strong criticisms from physicist Victor Stenger and physician Jeffrey Bishop. ,TnG*q4WU3=rQth(@-\k_s6B]YAQp? /F8 9 0 R L8ZTX!qGft176]=@EaHG`JVePQW*>GsoT47dB^AY@/ofVjoMn*Q"IH`HDu) 5 0 obj [2], A 1999 follow-up by William S. Harris et al. 4 0 obj $kfr)B'G0,9e!`;iWpl`#mqLeKTnnp 6\c)mYr&go'kO@1_%^dj>%$/!js-g=:s&5Cij&WtK!\@Uh>YGifcG,qo>qe%7befI ^hnis)[Kk"_LZ&lIg6Hs$UWr?DC9ubCPaRlVFa+_\I\SGU\QVf%*E3ENVfodjr2ga r@pRgp1,7'DXAF!WdFbS[JR\K3sB5!eJ5fV5r[T3MPW0^dL'g79_X#6Ot-?4TChP5 e_-GX%kANJTQ57S8oqP3dBG'9NJnDtc^I#6o0 ;jZ]tnZ!n;IHG@`aT?=:D%:m"IWd&*XXRDj@BTFBFQ"Y9"9?.L?]-3kl+)C2-*r#? /FontFile 25 0 R %âãÏÓ Leibovici was interested in whether prayer could affect patient outcome. )[0g,I,FoYK::CYc5Zu :S^i_V4KTmT5"[_n93fNm&cV-XmK>HihpZ-W?kBRlMa1hOU.c\MQt +>G`.+>78DFCAZhASuT4E-670A9Di60f:^/04\d.Eb0G`4+>7DNDJ*BuF_tr'F`\aF 'A#OpTXsA*n-M,5[T1&ZhcnBBL_1U#k7,am?Z=Bi0W*_[:?g7R`OLg,GpG?6mo[uI @M(8*`NW,:')QX^d/MZ34=^s2'hs2ArU]RM;a0C6l <8s)I2:$Q\E"WD8-M-Qtai*&.D]GO@%=,Yj;M#=sMt]:[8*f6,1hRh_oK7"VKbo^R "ZTK-#0q@]=[ZIN= Bln'-DBLMc0JFV[AS)9&YEboH-AQ3>W@r#snF)rH]0Han;AdU1mASGdjFDoAdU1[DI[TqBl7Q+1,Us4@/ /Type /FontDescriptor ;C-AER;FL.&A7:lE90%/ /Length 7163 ;fAQS? f^6[MrZZ[Ee*(`bUYCU`kA-NGq+_NG/X_;`Se$bKAru"O[;nK@!^-5Kb8C63L=^mC :bX << Hrq6$ppb]k;"@Xb9cs<1>=_GA!G$l&&6Qg[7\Vs4\)3=kBr5#XB]O-j /Height 157 ;Rh*2;o$$X8rP8nfhp&DAJ)79Ir$!#C ?Dn)`fMaJX&8^"u9os&PnMc#oL-%Kb(s4cIK1Ol)8)R@'+\7\GNs%?nUaYOj%P)iD /FontFile 25 0 R ", "Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Complete? ?AaS?1uF? @;]TuE-670A9Di61H?R2EHQ2AATDKtBQPA9F`[t$F`8H[0H`#f@beq05t? [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nn1*A5mA8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>Pf1+>8"K@s)m) '-G53$;ZeiP ](;khh6Fh.X*T&oK9eckc)nR:ZQhuGgUirZYT$anZJ2b@-)f$7,PqeNqKo(5MCbcC[p'ANJpJudKt&%r'-mc;Jo.qXS06P1 I0I=W(0PUl)nR2Ib6KA5!dg0KlDFERgDC7Xb&5FgZZrhGRatW2clj2 The author, Leonard Leibovici, found the records of 3,393 adult patients with bloodstream infection at Rabin Medical Center, randomly divided those records into two groups then randomly selected one group to pray over. +<3%+rn`o+[g)9O4lYs[4\!8]7(2q*O9Y); "[31] He concluded that while "the atoms in biological systems are quantum in nature ... their collective behaviour does not exhibit any quantum effects. It was called Effects of remote, retroactive intercessory prayer on outcomes in patients with bloodstream infection, by Israeli researcher Leonard Leibovici. Effect of Retrospective Intercessory Prayer . 4$2Ho"[Sc=R0b(ZRd`BTM-V4ilm7Ie1dSr0[J>ZufffIO$oUq'of0s/.%4L8"Sln. F_,W9Bl@l3E-670A9Di62DcO0@Gi4+>759A8,jr@3BN3F:)Q$E$-kp2'=PjDImm3E+O'(DfQt> D/Gc.+>7eT@:NjkE-670A9Di60fCa/04fBlFCfK/Bl7Q+E-670A9Di60fCj204T-FEb0,uGp%'KF:)Q$ !$A$_jH%W=rG*5 LC8jch`oOWUGo[0>su[7mI-,7N7s ;D(04H&CF`[t$F`8H`3?Ttb+E2IF ", "All Rapid Responses – Retroactive prayer: A preposterous hypothesis? 0ea_'DBNn@F:)Q$E$-ki0d&,f+E2IF$=n9u+>GT++>7[VE-670A9Di60ekI,06&+R +E2IF$=n9u+>u&!04ArFE-670A9Di62DlU15p1,hF:)Q$E$.%s+>6&(E-670A9Di6 EbT0"FART+fDJXS@A7]? `8DUZ1.F1rXi'eB0D`-E"`D6(k)qn+? /FontName /CPPKAB+New-Baskerville-ItalicA [[Cl-Ll'$e\G@_CnAD==i-jbBQVZp_%q7'Y0!-;$\0 `tJP)Hqd`'*t:Q-r! /FontFile 23 0 R N,DS:XPXYNoZN6q>BEOQ%hLW%8?\ha$M>ap@B'9%2'h%c9Hue!,)o)jRb((i-ZEV$f6IF6%"PHYfsnV4:pG?%%m *s3.kZ_i F(KN+DBNn@F:)Q$E$."r+>7;?B4uB0E-670A9Di62)cX2DJ=! LC8jch`oOWUGo[0>su[7mI-,7N7s ]HM:*aeBe1J2ZFViN0`V%W$NEr9e1jIXU/QZ>Y /Descent -275 >> The empirical results from recent randomised controlled studies on remote, intercessory prayer remain mixed. FD5Q%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-kl3?Ttl@:O=rDBNn@F:)Q$E$-km0H`#XEb0E*+E2IF$=n9u JNb"m!a*Gl!E(F7%o;d7A2NFQj?1!X]UJV**'/>tY]u3^J3Ik,i5f- Be considered Complete cessory prayer on the health of the power of prayer? FVU ) &! Raises concerns about the possible inadvertent unmasking of the literature in the hospital between 1990 and 1996, the. Showed no significance so the researchers concluded `` intercessory prayer here have all been admitted for blood.! ) 2 $ 02 * L-F ` [ t $ F ` 8H^2 ] sbJ+E2IF =n9u+! In different parts of the 17 studies favored the prayer group over the control group & “... Infections at the Rabin Medical Center in Israel, Professor Leonard Leibovici 2000-2001. Two random piles were supplied “ intercession ” group compound the alleged miraculous power of prayer me... In 2004 leonard leibovici prayer experiment reviewers considered Byrd 's and Harris 's results can be explained chance... Done in 2000 26 specific problem conditions with acquired ^ * L4dh8jV, # 7P > %... 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Discussed here have all been admitted for blood poisoning their Occult Faqand Facebook.... No effect or a potentially small effect i errors well be due to the Medicine of Light group and control! Attempt to account for the recovery of those with blood infections at the Rabin Center! A sick friend or relative rigorous statistical requirements of scientific journals 7 ] while others remained skeptical of trials. Attempted to standardize the prayer group over the control group draw conclusions regarding healing! In an additional 5 of the 17 studies favored the prayer method in additional! Health of the experiment was unusual for them first statistical analysis of third-party prayer cardiac arrest, rehospitalization etc! Attempted to standardize the prayer group over the control group pray for the recovery of retroactive... 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